ABSTRACT Environmental issues disclosure are prominent in the global debate on the financial market. Studies have shown that investors are agitated about sub-optimality of their decisions due to non-disclosure of some vital environmental issues. Few studies have been conducted onenvironmental issues disclosure and investors’ perception of management credibility. This study investigated the effect of environmental issues disclosureand investors’ perception of management credibility in theNigerian financial market. The study adopted survey research design by administering six hundred copies of structured questionnaire to the staff of eleven selected banks out of the twenty-one Money Deposit Banks in Nigeria as at 31/12/17, using event criterion based on those banks with complete information and continually listed during the period of the study 2008-2017. Regression analysis was adopted in testing the hypothesis formulated. The findings revealed that environmental issues disclosure had significant positive effects on investors’ perception of management credibility (PMC) (Adj. R2 = .043,F(4, 476) = 6.39, p<0.05). The study concluded that disclosure of environmental issues influenced investors’ perception of management credibility in the Nigerian financial market. The study therefore, recommended that environmental issues disclosures should be captured in the financial statements to engender investors’ confidence in the Nigerian financial market. Keywords: Environmental issues disclosure,Investment decision, Investors’ Word count: 205
Student attendance tracking is one of the main problems that our administration is taking. With these tracking there is many ways by which a student or a teacher can track his or her student’s ateendance and can update the student.Which helps the student to know that his if his attendance is low then he could get in trouble and as well as the teacher can also keep it’s track record.Now as we cann see we are going in a world where the use of E-learning is taking place , due to which the government is also telling to make the teachings online so that it becomes a little more convinient for the teachers as well as for the students. With this system the teachers can take attendance of the students online.Sometimes due to teachers mistake the hardcopy gets lostand because of which it could create a problem for the teacher so this system helps trhe teacher as well as the student to keep its track record.Sometimes some student may or maynot willingly mark himself present if also he is absent because of this the subject teacher can take the attendance in his/her android mobile and can upload it in the server or in his/her mobile.
Background: Malaria is a long term Public Health Problem in tropical Countries including Cameroon. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is essential for an effective malaria control and elimination. Rapid Diagnosis Tests (RDTs) are widely used for malaria diagnosis with a continuous influx of various developed products in the market, identified by a wide variable field of performance.The objective of this study is to evaluate the performance characteristics of malaria Histidin Rich Protein-II-based on Rapid Diagnostic Test (HRP-2 RDT) in detecting malaria parasite for malaria diagnosis among different population groups in Western highlands of the North West region of Cameroon. Materials and method: The cross-sectional study involved 60 febrile patients aged 6 months to 60 years and above, directed to the laboratory department at the Bamenda Regional Hospital for blood screening, after showing signs and symptoms of malaria infection, from the 30th of November to the 15th December 2016. Blood sample were collected aseptically, dispensed into EDTA coated tubes and investigated for the presence of malaria parasites using microscopy and the HRP-2 RDT. Results: Of the 60 enrolled patients, 37 (61.7%) were found to be positive with blood film examination while 27 (45%) were positive with rapid diagnostic test. Based on frequency of infection by age, 20-35 years had 13 (35.1%) as the most vulnerable group, followed by 0-5 year with 11 (29.7%), 6-19 had 6 (16.2%) while age group of 36-59 had 5 (16.0%) and lastly the age group of 60 and above had least value of 2 (5.4%). The prevalence of malaria obtained through microscopy (62%) was significantly higher (P<0.05) than in RDT (45%). Considering microscopy as the gold standard, HRP-2 RDT exhibited high specificity (100%) but low sensitivity (73%) with positive predictive and negative predictive values of 100% and 70%, respectively. However, the sensitivity of HRP-2 RDT increased significantly with increase in P. falciparum parasitaemia which was the plasmodium species detected in all positive cases. Conclusion: In this study, HRP-2 RDT revealed a reduced sensitivity as compared to routine microscopy test. The increased frequency of false-negative RDT results implies there is a need for designing and implementing alternative to RDT including next-generation, higher sensitivity diagnostic tools appropriate for these settings. However, while waiting for new techniques, RDT diagnosis should be followed by stained blood film microscopy in low transmission settings.
Juvenile sex offenders are the highest cases of children facing law in Indonesia in 2018, which is as many as 530 cases. Children who commit sexual abused will have an impact on psychopathy that disrupts cognitive function and will risk recidivism which will increase the victims. Mapping the risk factors of child juvenile sex offender becomes an urgent matter in order to can be made appropriate prevention and resolution. Methode used systematic review with journal tracking through 2 database source, Pubmed and Scopus from January 2014 – January 2020.Authors used the PRISMA-P protocol in 2009 as guidelines and use the keywords “risk factor” AND “juvenile sex offender”. Risk factors for juvenile sex offending are caused by two factors, namely individual factors and family factors. Individual factor caused by experienced of being a victim of sexual abuse. In addition, there are risk markers namely children who have been paid for sex, consuming cigarettes, alcohol and drugs, truancy ≥ 7 times and exposure to pornography. Whereas family factors influence are parental neglect, parent conflict in the household, family history of violence both physically and sexually, parents who consume alcohol, and a low economy. Keywords: risk factor; juvenile sex offender; adolescent
ABSTRACT Background: Breast cancer is a considerable and utmost health problem universally that has been upsurge over last few decuple. The ongoing epidemiological, demographical and socio- culture change and transformation by underlying to point up the analogous risk factors has increased the breast cancer occurrence in develop countries as Pakistan as out of the proportion specially in women. Knowledge, early detection, discernments, symptoms and curability is an influential in disease avoidance and anticipation. Aim: To ameliorate breast cancer awareness and practices regarding breast self-examination among females.To identify knowledge gaps in the females perceived versus actual Knowledge of breast cancer. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted and comprehended in Medina Teaching Hospital of Faisalabad.A convenience sample of 30 females whose age from (<18 to >60) data were collected by using an efficient questionnaire by structured interview with participants. SPSS software was used for data analysis. Data were evaluated through coding SPSS 20.0 Packet Software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois). Results for each item and sub-dimension on the scale were calculated as numbers, percentages, and arithmetic averages. Study was completed in four months (01-08-2018 to 30-11-2018). Results: Findings shows that only 16.7% females have knowledge that at what age breast self- examination should do. 3.3% know about breast self- examination technique. 16.7% females are well known about exact time for breast self-examination. Breast screening method like (BSE) breast self-examination as 23.3% practice is done. 46.7% done breast self-examination before and 53.3 % have not done (BSE) breast self-examination before. 26.7% females had learnt the correct method of breast self-examination.70% of females do not learn the correct method of breast self-examination. Conclusion: There is a major requirement of instructive interventions to improve awareness and knowledge regarding breast cancer, its symptoms, risk factors as well as breast screening/diagnostic methods. People have very least knowledge regarding breast cancer and prevention modalities are very low. Even those who have a knowledge regarding this, they don’t even do practice. Certain Health awareness campaigns should be viral or initiated at early or primary health level also in home based community to promote this education to disseminate information by campaigns. Keywords: breast cancer, breast cancer screening methods, breast self-examination, mammography.
This study examined the employability of the Bachelor of Science in Architecture graduates of Isabela State University at Ilagan Campus in the province of Isabela, Philippines. The respondents were determined using purposive sampling, considering accessibility. The interpretation of the collected data was based on frequency, percentage, and mean. The results of the study showed that all the respondents were immediately employed within one year after their graduation. The respondents perceived that their educational qualifications and the recommendations of friends and relatives helped them in getting their first and present job. The graduates claimed that the problem solving and critical thinking skills they learned in the university are the essential abilities that they find useful in their careers. According to the graduates, their college degree is very relevant to their present job hired. The tight competition, no immediate vacancy, and lack of financial support for job hunting cause the delay of employment to some of the graduates. The study implies that the architecture graduates are employable, although some find it difficult to get work immediately. Campus alumni office must provide services on the job placement of graduates to help them in finding direct employment. Also, the study revealed that some graduates did not acquire entrepreneurial skills. The architecture program should contemplate entrepreneurship in the development of a new curriculum to help the graduates in the development and establishment of their own architectural and design businesses.
Patient Satisfaction survey in public sector hospitals in developing countries like India is a much sought-after topic. The data available on the same being very limited as patient survey or a patient satisfaction research in public sector healthcare unit is very rarely done; much less used as a tool to measure the efficiency of the public sector hospital. Measurement of efficiency in a public sector hospital is usually in terms of no. of patients treated, no. of patients/ doctor, no. of beds available as per local population, no. of patients discharged etc. This paper is an attempt to using patient satisfaction as a measure of efficiency in the South Asian geographical region of India, Sri-lanka and Pakistan.