This study aimed to develop and validate instruments for evaluating faculty performance in the planning and implementation of Outcomes-based Teaching and Learning (OTBL) at the level of classroom practice in higher education courses. Anchored on the Constructive Alignment Theory in OBTL and the Evaluation of Teaching Performance (EPT) model, this study used the mixed methods sequential exploratory research design following the steps outlined by Creswell (2014) where a sequence of qualitative and quantitative methods were used to explore, develop and validate items for the proposed instruments. Items for the instruments were derived from key informants’ interview of administrators and faculty members of a private university in Ozamiz City in addition to the review of literature on OBTL. Content and construct validity of the instruments were established using expert validation, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and inter-rater agreement while reliability was established using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as a measure of internal consistency of the items in the entire scale and its subscales. Content validity evidences include experts’ and stakeholders agreement on the appropriateness of the items for the instruments in line with related literature on OBTL. The instrument for observation of teaching practice yielded an inter-rater agreement index using Cohen's Kappa statistic with values ranging from 0.65 to 0.82 indicating substantial to almost perfect agreement. Construct validation using factor analysis yielded three factors for the instrument for evaluating the course syllabus in planning for OBTL; namely: Articulation of Learning Outcomes, Design of Teaching-Learning Activities, and Design of Assessment Tasks. For the instrument on evaluating classroom implementation of OBTL, three factors were also identified as: Communication of Learning Outcomes, Implementation of Teaching-Learning Activities; and Implementation of Assessment Tasks. Reliability analysis of the two instruments yielded high and acceptable Cronbach’s alpha values of 0.92 and 0.95 for the two instruments, respectively. The practicality of the instruments was established through a survey considering its ease of administration, scoring and interpretation. The final instruments developed in this study are named Evaluation of Constructive Alignment in Planning (Syllabus) for OBTL with 26 items, and Evaluation of Constructive Alignment in Classroom Implementation of OBTL with 22 items, both in a five-point rating scale format. The validation processes provided evidences that both instruments are valid and reliable for evaluating the implementation of Outcomes-based Education at the level of assessing teacher planning for OBTL through the course syllabus and through observation of classroom teaching practice. It is recommended that these instruments be used by tertiary institutions for the purpose of evaluating their faculty performance in the planning and implementation of OBTL. Keywords: Assessment, Instrument development, Learning outcomes, Outcomes-based education, Outcomes-based teaching and learning, Validation
In this paper the finite difference approximation for hyperbolic partial differential equations was applied and both the explicit and implicit methods of finite difference approximations were discussed. As we have seen from the computation results, finite difference method of solving differential equations is mesh size dependent. That is the method of the accuracy increases when the mesh size is small enough. The computation result also indicates that, using implicit finite difference method to solve hyperbolic partial differential equations gives a better approximation than explicit finite difference approaches.
This study was conducted to determine the yield of Sweet Corn using different rates of Complete Fertilizer and Seaweed Extract under the prevailing soil and climatic conditions in Buug, Zamboanga Sibugay. The experimental area was laid out using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with nine combined treatments replicated three replications. An area of 324m2 excluding alley ways and canals was utilized in this study. Based on the findings of the study, there was no significant difference on the average length, average circumference, average weight and total number of corn ears per plot per treatment, however there is a highly significant difference on the total weight of corn ears using different rates of seaweed extract. For the different rates of complete fertilizer and on treatment combinations, there were no significant differences on the average length, average circumference, average weight, total weight and total number of corn ears per plot per treatment. Thus, the adoption of any rates of complete fertilizer and seaweed extract to obtain longer length, bigger circumference, heavier corn ears, and more number of corn ears is highly recommended.
Organizational leaders are now in unprecedented situations caused by a dynamic, unpredictable, difficult, and ambiguous climate, often known as the world of VUCA. Today, businesses are in an almost constant state of transition as they strive to keep up with emerging innovations (such as AI, Robotics, IoT, 3DP AR / VR, etc.), while simultaneously facing external factors such as a global epidemic (i.e. COVID-19) that drive the need for digital transformation. Firms must not only upgrade technology tools to be part of the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR) and undergo effective digital transformation, but they must also undergo a company-wide change in mindset. Thus, Jibran Bashir Leadership Institute's Digital Transformation Leadership Consulting (DTLC) is a Jibran-5Ds Application solution designed to assist organizations in their impactful digital transformation, consists of Diagnose, Direction, Design, Develop and Deploy. The Digital Transformation Leadership Consulting (DTLC) framework is introduced and is easy for consultants to understand. The consultant will digitally transform the businesses in a processed manner by doing this. On the other hand, by taking a clear view of the aspects of technology, business, and individuals, organizations can be effectively modified. This white paper is contributing to the new futuristic approach to Digital Transformation Leadership Consulting. Keywords: Digital, Digitalization, Transformation, Leadership, Consulting
The aim of this paper is to review the effects of organic compost, inorganic fertilizers, and foliar feeding to various vegetable crops. At present, increasing crop production for food security is a target worldwide. An approach to achieve this target relies on the types and levels of fertilizers’ application which will not affect the environmental sustainability and will boost growth and yield attributes. The use of organic compost and foliar fertilizer is an effective solution to achieve improved food production. Organic fertilizer helps sandy soils by increasing their water- and nutrient-holding capacity, stores nutrients but makes them more available for plant use, increases the CEC of the soil, provides C and energy source (food) to soil microbes, and improves soil aggregation. Moreover, Foliar fertilizer is also an alternative to improve food production and is reported by several scientists to help reduce environmental damage. So far, crop production fertilizer studies focused both on organic and inorganic types. Limited studies had been made comparing reactions of plants to solid and liquid fertilizers. This review found out that the primary concern in agriculture are sustainability, health impact of food production, and food security. Hence, the application of organic compost and foliar fertilizer may be an effective measure in the fulfilment of sustainable agriculture and food security.
The electricity power utilities in many countries have been, or are being, restructured. There are many reasons for restructuring. In some countries restructuring has been driven by the desire of government to meet increasing demands for electricity by encouraging independent power production, which relieves government of a financial obligation. In countries where ownership of assests are in private hands, restructuring has been driven by mergers and acquisitions, as companies seek to gain competitive advantage. In the most advanced countries, restructuring is being driven by the desire to allow consumers to choose their electricity supplier on the basis of price and service provided. These dramatic changes in the organization of electricity power utilities bring with them new challenges and opportunities, as the previous centrally designed and operated systems are dismantled and replaced by a new competitive framework. Companies operating in a competitive market need more sophisticated control and management systems to ensure that their business objectives can be achieved. The development and application of new technologies is also accelerated in this new environment, as companies seek to improve their effectiveness and efficiency. In this paper special considerations on power system deregulation are discussed. Main objectives of power system deregulation are to attract various investments to power industry in order to meet the fast growth of electric demand caused by blooming economy and in the meantime to reduce government commitment and functions in power industry. Only this way, the power industry, as a significant infrastructure, can realize sustainable development at high efficiency. It is also shown that in the market environment, how to realize optimal system planning and reliable operation at acceptable electricity prices with qualifies service and how to transit to the market environment smoothly at lowest costs and lowest risks should be considered thoroughly.
Because of the expanding receptiveness about on the web information and the accessibility for many documents on the Internet, it becomes troublesome for a human to analyze and the review documents manually. This prompts trying the text mining strategies, automatic text summarization is one of the most significant text mining techniques. Many limitations are appeared in most of the current extractive multi-document summarization systems, such as low coherence among the summary sentences, low coverage, and high degree of redundancy. This paper provides an efficient framework for Automated Multi-Document Extractive Summarization (AM-DES).This framework introduce a new algorithm for measuring the Relatedness of the sentence. In addition to a new discrimina-tive sentence selection method relies on sentence scoring and removing the redundant ones. An extensive experimental evaluation is conducted on three real data sets DUC2005, DUC2006 and DUC2007, indicating the importance of the proposed framework. Exam-ining the effect of the proposed sentence Relatedness measure algorithm is provided to explore the effectiveness of the proposed AM-DES framework. The impact of this algorithm is shown by considering the semantic relations of the concept while calculating the se-mantic Relatedness. Evaluation metrics is used ROUGE-N, ROUGE_L as a case study and the results showed that the proposed AM-DES framework can result in a better summarization performance compared with the previous systems, where the generated sum-mary is characterized by high coverage and cohesion.
After a long struggle of the Moros for self-determination, a glimpse of light was overseen through the signing of the Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro. Even though the Moros were aware that their quest for freedom does not end at the signing of the Agreement, Gargantuan task lay ahead not only to justify their pursuits, but to ensure that in the future generations, every member of the New Bangsamoro Political Entity (NBPE) to be established shall be assured of peaceful and developed place to live in. This study was conducted among the four hundred (400) Moros in the five Moro dominated barangay of Malangas, Zamboanga Sibugay, from the five different sectors (religious, education, business, political, and community), with the main objective to obtain the points of view of the Moros in order to determine the level of their acceptability, sympathy, support, and perspective on the establishment of the New Bangsamoro Political Entity (NBPE). Quantitative and qualitative techniques of collecting and analyzing data were employed. Data gathering techniques include survey using questionnaire-checklist, key informants’ interviews and focus group discussions. The questionnaire-checklists were given to the same respondents twice. First it was given before a lecture on NBPE was conducted. The same questionnaire-checklists were given to respondents after a lecture on NBPE was conducted. The data collected showed the different point of view of the Moro on the establishment of the NBPE. To establish the difference between the independent and dependent variables, the hypotheses were subjected to statistical analysis using t-test. In the analysis of hypothesis, the computed value of t-test is 4.06. This value is greater than 1.645 the tabulated t-test value at 0.05 level of significance a degree of freedom of 399. Since the computed value t-test value is greater than tabulated value t-test, there is a sufficient statistical evidence to reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis. The point of views of the 400 respondents has a significant difference in mean score of the respondents who answered YES in a 20 given questions before and after lecture on NBPE is conducted. Therefore, the point of views of the 400 Moro respondents of Malangas, Zamboanga Sibugay, on the establishment of NBPE is significantly affected by the sufficient information to correct their false assumption, perception and personal feelings on the establishment of the NBPE.
The automotive engineering sector has often been dubbed as the powerhouse of economic development in the world. Not only does this sector make significant contributions to a nation’s gross domestic product, but it also channelizes related changes in every other miscellaneous sector even remotely related to it. The history of automotive engineering so far has seen progressive growth over the years. Certain latest trends are in process and are likely to change this industry’s face in the next ten years. All such factors and related case studies are explored in this paper.
The effect of lead (II) ions on the growth and bioaccumulation properties of yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Kluyveromyces marxianus was investigated as a function of pH and initial metal concentration. The optimum pH for both organism growths was found to be 5. The minimum inhibitory concentration for Schizosaccharomyces pombe was found to be 600 mg/l and for Kluyveromyces marxianus was found to be 700mg/l. Although lead ions concentration caused an inhibition effect on the growth of yeast it was capable of removing lead with a specific growth uptake capacity of 11.23 mg g-1at 100 ppm of initial metal concentration in case of Kluyveromyces marxianus and for Schizosaccharomyces pombe showed a 4.01mg g-1of specific growth uptake at 100 ppm of intial metal concentration.
In an era, where religion dominatingly exhibits the vital impact on living and work life, the Pakistani Government is trying to devise an Islamization process nationwide as the mainstream workforce is Muslim. The motivation behind this study is to comprehend, the level to which Muslim employees are acquainted with the Islamic Human Resource Management (HRM) system and its practices. This paper also aims to study the degree to which Islamic organization in Pakistan practice human resource management system based on Islamic teachings and axioms. For the survey, a research questionnaire used for data collection. Islamic techniques of human resource manage-ment are substantial for any organization but seldom featured in writings. Islamic human resource management approaches provide managers additional insight to facilitates workforce. In Islamic organizations, either manager is Muslim or not; they must have a clear understanding of what acceptable and unacceptable behaviors of the workforce is. Trustworthiness, honesty, and determination are some examples of expected behaviors from employs, regardless to whom they work for. This paper would be a significant contribution to fu-ture studies about human resource management in the Islamic context.
Analysis of multiphase Bi2.5 Cd3.125 La1.25 N0.25 O1.25 samples produced under argon or in air, using laboratory X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) revealed multiphase phase compositions, together with either perovskite or rutile impurities. Investigations of these samples using diffuse reflectance and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies revealed mixed Bi/Cd oxidation states for argon-annealed samples and Bi/La oxidation states for air-annealed samples.. Severe intensity reduction of hkl odd XRD peaks from the sample produced in air was found to be the result of Bi sharing the La site. The refined crystal structures for multiphase samples were found to be consistent with the compositions and mixed oxidation states observed by the above spectroscopic measurements. Although the normalized uranium leach rate of the argon-annealed sample was found to be approximately twice that of the air-annealed sample, in 7-day Product Consistency Test the durability of both compounds with respect to leaching by water was found to be excellent. The sample was refined by Rieveld refinement using JANA software package.The refinement parameters are a=3.8266(9) Å b=7.8185(19) Å c=9.948(2) Å α=103.759(19)° β=90.953(18)°,GOF=0.016,Rp=0.1837 and Rwp=0.2309.having triclinic crystal system and space group is P-1.and the structure is centrosymmetric.
Abstract Efficient use of water for crop production is now often a major goal in designing and management of irrigation systems. Besides, agricultural water pricing plays a significant role in promoting water use efficiency and cost recovery. Improving the performance of water application, water distribution system and efficiency of water management in agriculture could save water from existing uses. Better management of irrigation water, water distribution system and appropriate water charging possibly will enhance greater efficiency in water use. It is necessary to improve the performance and operations of the existing irrigation systems in Barind area for improving water use efficiency. This study used to the review of existing situation on irrigation water distribution, water use efficiency and water pricing in Barind agriculture. Irrigation charging system is a factor responsible for the over use of irrigation in the farmers’ level. It is found that the performance operation of the existing irrigation systems in Barind area is better in terms of water use efficiency. Improved management of surface and ground water irrigation and appropriate pricing strategies are also suggested for achieving physical and economic efficiency in water use.