Metro rail is being introduced in a big way in all of India’s Tier-I and some Tier-II cities too. The introduction of TOD guidelines is being clearly being watched and will be emulated all over the country. Accessibility is fine but in the process the increased FAR, ground coverage and height would lead to densification and judicial use of infrastructure is argued by the proponents of the scheme. This article analyses the public ground per capita versus (the total area under plots to be developed) buildable plot ratio around metro stations in Delhi bringing out the resultant Quality of life.
This study was undertaken to ascertain the effect of cryptocurrencies on the Nigerian Economy. It also examined the benefits of cryptocurrencies in Nigeria. The study reveals that blockchain technology has its fair share of advantages beyond the financial sector. Quantitative data were sourced from the respondents through the administration of a structured questionnaire and journals. Results revealed that cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum in performing online transactions have been on the rise and almost accepted globally. Africa as a continent is not left out in the adoption of blockchain and cryptocurrencies. The study concluded that a significant number of people are now fully convinced that the digital Currency-Bitcoin is legitimate, safe and has value, and can make Nigerian economy sustainable.
Faced with the lack of food hygiene measures in the transport chain of some vegetables consumed raw, from the place of their production to their distribution site, we proposed to examine the bacteriological quality of some vegetables sold in two municipalities of the city of Likasi (Panda and Likasi) that Can be consumed raw. For this purpose, samples of fresh vegetables belonging to fourteen different species were taken from the vendors during the 2019-2020 growing season, from March to May, and subjected to bacteriological analyses to determine the bacterial load of different mesophilic germs, isolated and identified. The bacterial load of the samples spread on the ground was higher than that of those on the shelves at the Panda municipal market. In the case of the samples from the municipality of Likasi, the bacterial load was higher than in those collected in a supermarket. After isolation, two germs of the Enterobacteriaceae family, showing faecal contamination, were identified. Escherichia coli (36,66%) and Salmonella spp (31,8%) for Panda. The percentages of these two germs were higher in vegetables from the municipality of Likasi, 56,25% for Salmonella spp and 43,75% for E. coli, than in vegetables from the municipality of Panda.
Geriatrics and population with multiple co-morbidities across the world live an unhealthy life owing to improperly functional/dysfunctional tissues/organs. The remedy of tissue/organ transplantation incurs the limitations of either tissue rejection or timely unavailability of a suitable donor. Thus tissue/organ engineering in a 3D artificial substrate i.e. scaffold mimicking host’s native ECM offers solution to the challenge. In this review the so far work done in this domain including all the attempts and advances made in the horizon of bio-materials, fabrication techniques, challenges and practical applications have been comprehensively summarized from both theoretical and practical point of view. The till date advances in each domain have been summarized in tabulated form which is the novelty of this review. Despite much work done little applications have been seen in practical domain. In this respect an exclusive analysis of the recent advancement in the zone of practical applications has been done. Challenges/limitations to their practical applications have been crucially evaluated and future direction towards their solution is carved to extend and utilize their benefits practically.
Shear friction theory forms the basis for shear transfer models. The transfer of shear across uncracked plane is the subject of this analytical investigation. Finite element idealization is made to model concrete and reinforcing bars behavior, cracking, bond-slip characteristics and post yielding state of loading. ANSYS program is used to achieve the idealization. Sixteen push off specimens were modeled to study the load- deformation behavior, the cracking load, the failure load, the strain in the clamping reinforcing bars as the load is increased up to failure. The predicted shear strength is compared with the strength calculated using ACI,AASHTO, and the Egyptian Code ECP .The levels of conservatism implied by adopting codes equations are reported. The influences of concrete strength and the area of clamping reinforcement on the shearing strength are assessed.
The study investigated the extent to which Basic education services intervention programmes is being implemented for the internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the camps in Maiduguri, Nigeria and to also find out how these programmes have been able to meet the needs of the affected persons. To achieve this objective, three research questions were raised. The sample are 250 respondents that are selected from a target population of 45,019 displaced persons in eight (8) IDP camps in Maiduguri, Borno state, through proportionate stratified random sampling. A questionnaire titled “Educational Services Intervention Programmes Questionnaire” (ESIPQ) was used for data collection while a structured interview was also used for additional information gathering. The study concludes that these services are available in the camps but require a lot of improvement and effective coordination for the full benefits to be realized at their various locations.
The increased usage of internet has also made it an opportunity for cybercrimes and unethical activities. Spam and fake news propaganda are critical aspects in this domain. Spam and fake news have adverse impacts on everyone and can cause serious negative outcomes. Spam detection has therefore gained much attention in this era. Catering to this dilemma, this study aims to develop models for spam and fake news detection so that the spam and fake news may be identified and removed from internet. For this purpose, a hybrid sentiment analysis approach is utilized and state of the art machine learning algorithms like Naïve Bayes, Random Forest and RCNN are developed for fake news detection. The data is collected from different news websites i.e. 700,000 news articles, and another dataset includes Kaggle dataset of news articles i.e. 6256 in number. A web scrapper tool is developed with multiple criteria for deeming websites fake or authentic to extract useful information from dataset. Preprocessing of the data is carried out i.e. stemming, tokenization and removing stop words. The term frequency and document term matrix are developed and the developed models are trained and tested with datasets. The three mentioned models are used for data analysis for both datasets. The results show that RCNN algorithm in hybrid sentiment analysis approach is the most suitable, effective and accurate model for spam and fake news detection. With the application of this model and method, the fake news can be detected and removed making the internet more reliable and secure.
In this generation, with children’s increasing use of mobile phones, concerns have been raised about its influence on their literacy skills. One well-known feature of children’s text messages is that they do not always adhere to conventional written language rules and use a register that is called textese. In this register, children make use of phonetic replacements, such as ur instead of your and acronyms, such as lol and drop words (e.g. ). This has led to the assumption that characteristics of textese may leak into children’s general writing, ultimately resulting in language deterioration. However, this is in sharp contrast to findings from several studies showing that children who used textese frequently did not perform poorly on spelling and tasks measuring literacy abilities. More recently, this research has been expanded to the effect of textese on children’s grammar abilities in written language]. Therefore, the researcher has the motivation to know what can be the effect of using these new acronyms or textes in their writing skills during formal writing of selected Grade 10 students of MSU-Integrated Laboratory School. She wanted to reveal the possible negative effect of using these texts in writing composition or she wanted to observe if these students are using texts in their writing skills. Specifically, grammatical development is interesting in this respect because, as mentioned by Kemp and colleagues, grammar rules of conventional written language are often transgressed in textese. As a result, this lack of grammatical conventions might leak into registers other than textese. To the best of our knowledge, only four studies have investigated effects of use of textese on children’s use of grammar. These studies have focused on the use of grammar in written language and have shown mixed results. This study collected and gathered 40 selected students from Junior High School that will be used by the researchers. It sought to find the effects of using chat acronyms in text-messaging on academic writing. Specifically, this will answer the following questions: First, what is the profile of the respondents’ age, gender, type of social media they are using, particular application in social media they are using when communicating with other people, and what are the chat acronyms they are always using? Second, is there any effect of using chat acronyms in text-messaging on their academic writing in terms of spelling and grammar? Third. what implications can be obtained based on the findings of the study? This research is a quantitative-descriptive design which the researcher uses tools, such as questionnaires or equipment to collect data. All respondents have sufficient experience with mobile phones as well as short messaging services, however, Grade eight students were not able to respond to a majority of the abbreviations in the list, which contain short forms and abbreviations. Additionally, most of the respondents notice continuously using informal forms, and have even applied such methods into formal writing. Generally, based on the findings, the student users do feel that the SMS language will alter the Standard English in future due to the evolution nature of the SMS language. Nevertheless, with hope, they believe that people will revert to formal writing structures in formal situations. Though the students affected are not that much, at least the researcher has enough evidence that using acronyms in texting or chatting in social media can really affect their writing composition.
The paper analyses the physical, socio-economic and land value transformation in Housing seen in Delhi over the last fifteen years around four metro stations especially in affluent as well as middle income localities, the affluent being Green Park and Hauz Khas on the Yellow line and the middle income being Janakpuri West and Subhash Nagar on the Blue line. It concludes describing the transformation which is Socio-economic that Delhi seems delicately poised with its in migration and parking problems and the recently arrived metro network eighteen years now which has improved and provided the necessary Accessibility. And taking that TOD (Transit Oriented Development) step of relaxing FAR or FSI and relaxing building heights could be catastrophic for Delhi.
The teaching and learning process of health education concepts such as anatomy, first aids treatment (resuscitation process) etc can all be taught using Information Communication Technology (ICT) devices to enhance meaningful learning and transfer of knowledge when there is need for application of knowledge. The study thence, investigated the use of ICT in teaching and learning of Health Education in tertiary institutions in Ekiti state. The research design that was used for this study was survey design of the descriptive type of research. The sample size of eight hundred (800) respondents was sampled for the study using purposive random sampling technique. The respondents were drawn from two tertiary institutions in the state. The instrument for data collection was a self-constructed questionnaire. The split half method of reliability was used to ascertain the reliability of the instrument using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation and Spearman Brown’s formula. A coefficient of 0.96 was obtained. The data collected were analysed using Chi-Square analysis. The findings of this study showed that the subjects have low know/edge of ICT in teaching health education during teaching practice and that the current use of ICT in the teaching of health education in schools will promote good mastery of the subject matter and motivate the learners in health education classes. It is therefore recommended that teaching of health education to the students should be based on the use of ICT and that ICT should be made a compulsory course for Health Educators in training.