The levels of use of teachers of the teaching phonetics strategies are as follows for the two groups of teachers: for inductive teaching, MSU posted a mean of 3.61, while Manlin NHS posted a mean of 3.75, with both means interpreted as very high; for deductive teaching, MSU posted a mean of 3.79, while Manlin NHS posted a mean of 3.91, both means interpreted as very high; and for teaching use of content, MSU posted a of 3.62, while Manlin NHS posted a mean of 3.63, both means interpreted as very high. Average mean tor MSU was 3.67, while that of Manlin NHS was 3.76, both means interpreted as very high (cf. Table 6). No significant difference existed in the levels of use of teaching phonetics strategies between teachers in MSU and Manlin NHS, as the hypothesis was rejected (cf. Table 8). The levels of students' vowel sounds competence were 21.40% for Muslim students, inter-preted as very poor, and 26.10% for Cebuano students, also interpreted as very poor (cf. Table 7). The hypothesis that projected the significant differ-ence between Muslim and Cebuano students’vowel sounds competence was accepted and significant differences were established in all the sub-variables (cf. Table 9). The hypothesis that tried to significantly relate the levels of teaching phonetics strategies and students’ vowel sounds competence was ac-cepted and significant relationships were established in all the sub-variables (cf. Table 10).
The study was conducted to determine the growth response of the grafted Durian seedlings (Durio zibithenus) applied with organic fertilizers on its height, stem diameter and number of leaves, and to evaluate which of the organic fertilizers showed the best result on the growth of the seedlings. The study was conducted at the nursery site of the College of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Mindanao State University – Buug Campus. There were three (3) treatments used with ten (10) replications. The treatments used were as follows; Treatment one (T1) which was decayed rice straws, treatment two (T2) which was cow manure and treatment three (T3) which was vermicompost, all of the treatments had the same exact amount of zero point seventy-five (0.75) kg applied on the top of the seedlings with three (3) kg garden soil. The treatments were observed on the 20th, 40th and 60th days after treatments application par-ticularly on the increase of height, stem diameter and number of leaves of the plants. Based on the result of the study, there was no significant difference on the growth response of grafted durian seedlings (Durio zibithenus) applied with organic fertilizers (decayed rice straw, cow manure, vermicompost) on the increase of height, stem diameter and number of leaves developed in seedlings in 20th, 40th and 60th day after treatment application. This was mainly because of environmental factors and the same nutrient content of the treatments. The study happened on dry spell, three months without rain occurred. Based on the conclusion made, it was highly rec-ommended that follow up study be conducted by the future researchers during rainy seasons and not during drought.
The use of different preservation techniques and methods to fruits and vegetables has been widely used to prolong their shelf life these days. This study aims to determine the effect of Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck) Chitosan on prolonging the shelf life of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). The Golden Apple Snail (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck) was dried and pound using mortar and pestle. The making of the coating was made through the different raw materials such as; distilled water, 2M Sodium hydroxide (2M NaOH), 2M Hydrochloric acid (2M HCl) and 50% Sodium hydroxide (50% NaOH). This study used a completely randomized design set-up consisting of three treatments T1, T2, T3 and T0 as the control. The gathered data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Single Factor at 5% significant level. The treatments vary with the different amount of Golden Apple Snail (GAS) shell powder with 1g, 2g, and 3g of GAS powder for treatment T1, T2, and T3 respectively. With the results gathered, study on weight loss revealed no significant effect of all the treatments. On the change of color of tomato samples, a four- day delayed in color change was visibly observed on all the treated replications as compared to T0. On the overall freshness of tomato, T1 presented the best result having excellent rating until the end of the study.
Oyster mushroom in the Philippines was cultivated using paddy rice straw, saw dust and rice hull. The data collected in this study were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) where non-significant data resulted from the Oyster Mushroom average days of pin head initiation to harvest. There were also two significant data and one highly significant. Therefore, it was clearly observed from this study that the comprehensive cropping period of oyster mushroom production has a substantial difference on the different substrates used in growing oyster mushroom. These different substrates used have been proven to be useful for growing oyster mushroom. This will also contribute to an agribusiness-economic initiative for our local farmers, women and youth.
Any agricultural activities, be farming or gardening, require watering. Many parts of the world, due to climate change, are going through a severe crisis of water shortage. To address this issue, this project-based research is implemented using the Arduino ATmega 328p chip-based microcontroller system and Internet of Things (IoT) technology. It is programmed in such a way that it can detect the moisture level of the soil and then automatically supply water to plants only when necessary without any human intervention. The main objective of this study is to develop an automated watering system that can control the water supply, conserve water, and save energy. This system can be used for both small and large plants and people can enjoy growing plants without being worried about forgetfulness or going away for a vacation. The system has been tested to function automatically. All the sensors are working perfectly well – the moisture sensors measured the moisture level accurately, while the water level sensor detected the water level properly. Keywords : Water supply; Irrigation, Moisture; Internet of Things; Arduino, Sensor; Automatic; Self-Watering
financial management is an essential part of the economic and non-economic activities, which leads to decide the efficient optimal use of financial with profitable manner.
Water borne diseases are one of the main problems in developing countries. In many communities of the developing countries water clarification methods like flocculation, coagulation and sedimentation are often inappropriate because of high cost and low availability of chemical coagulants. Therefore this study was undertaken to evaluate the suitability and efficacy of natural coagulant from Moringa oleifera seeds in treating surface water. The water samples were collected from Rivers Landzun and Mussa at three different points each. The surface water was sampled by collection from each point in the river with one litre white plastic bottles. Cation concentrations were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer while turbidity, PH and colour were determined using turbidity meter, PH meter and colour comparative disc respectively. PH of the water before and after treatment was not influenced by the moringa oleifera, while turbidity of the water was reduced after treatment. Furthermore the colour level was significantly affected by the treatment values ranges between 5-10 hazen for both rivers. There was an increase in potassium and magnesium values after treatment while a decrease was noticed in sodium concentration. The coliform bacteria count reduced drastically after treatment to 5 counts at Point C of river Landzun. The results suggest that in application of plant coagulant such as moringa oleifera is highly recommended for domestic water purification in developing countries such as Nigeria, where people are used to drinking contaminated turbid water especially in rainy season.
Connectedness to nature relates to an individual’s subjective sense of their relationship with the natural world. This study aimed to determine the general connectedness to nature among students in Mindanao State University- Marawi, Philippines, the level of their environmental awareness and the relationship between their socio-demographic characteristics and environmental awareness to their level of connectedness to nature. Eighty-seven respondents participated in the study in which they responded to a research instrument that measured connectedness to nature and level of environmental awareness. To analyze the relationships between these variables, Chi – square test at 0.05 level of significance was used to determine the relationship between pre-determined variables. The results revealed that the respondents were fully aware about environmental concerns and with a very high connectedness to nature. Among the socio-demographic variables, the religion and ethnic affiliation showed a significant relationship with connectedness to nature. The major courses of the students also showed a significant relationship on both environmental awareness and connectedness to na-ture.
For over a decade, data is extracted from social media platforms as Twitter to forecast the results of elections based on the positive, negative or neutral sentiments of people towards a political party. Sentimental analysis of informal texts such as tweets still remain a challenging task owing to their complex nature. Through this analysis technique, sentimental analysis or opinion mining will be used to explore the tweets of people published in Roman Urdu to analyze the sentiments and subjectivity. To deal with the challenges of sentimental analysis, a lexicon-based approach is used that includes the application of Boolean-based data analysis. The results generated through the extraction and filtering of tweets in Roman Urdu shows a positive correlation between the political party garnering highest positive tweets and its winning in the elections.
We here propose a mathematical model to depict the search for a common time function which represents rate of arrival of requests from the end consumer for implementation of a working software, to facilitate in time delivery of working software. The days of unidirectional communication are diminishing, therefore the search is for a unified model that suits the agile development model .
Over a decade there has been a rapid growth in Nigerian educational system particularly higher education. Various institutions have come up both from public and private sector offering many of courses both under and post graduate students. Therefore, rates of students enroll for higher educational institutions in Nigeria have also increased. Hence it is very important to understand the roles plays by data mining in analyzing the collected data of students and their academic progression. It is a concern for today’s education system and this gap has to be identified and properly addressed to the learning community. Data Mining it helps in various ways to resolve issues face in predictions students and staff performances within Nigerian education system. This paper work we discuss the roles of Data Mining tools and techniques which can be used effectively in resolving issues in some functional unit of Nigerian tertiary institutions.